6 Foods That Decrease Inflammation

Foods that fight inflammation

Doctors are learning that one of the best ways to decrease inflammation in the body is not through a drug, but in foods.

As you may know, your immune system recognizes and attacks anything that is recognizes as a threat to your body (antigen).  This can be something natural or unnatural.  When it attacks, it involves inflammation.

However, sometimes inflammation lasts days, weeks, even years when the body is irritated with foods that are pesticide ridden or not nutritious.  This is when inflammation occurs, day in and day out, even when you are not threatened by a foreign invader. That’s when inflammation is your enemy. Many major diseases that you hear about including cancer, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, depression, and Alzheimer’ have been linked to chronic inflammation.

One of the most powerful tools to decrease inflammation does not come from a drug, but from the grocery store.  There have been many books and research showing that certain foods keep inflammation down in the body.  and now Dr. Frank Hu of Harvard states that “Many experimental studies have shown that components of foods or beverages may have anti-inflammatory effects.”

Choose the right foods, and you may be able to reduce your risk of illness and disease.   Pick the wrong ones, and you could accelerate the inflammation in your body and start the disease process.

So what foods inflame the body?  

  • The “bad” carbohydrates, such as white bread, pastries, pasta (anything the body metabolizes as sugar)
  • French fries and other fried foods
  • Soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages (again…sugar)
  • red meat (burgers, steaks) and processed meat (hot dogs, sausage)
  • margarine, shortening, and lard

Inflammation-promoting foods

So, it should make sense that all of the foods that cause inflammation also are bad for us.

“Some of the foods that have been associated with an increased risk for chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease are also associated with excess inflammation,” Dr. Hu says. “It’s not surprising, since inflammation is an important underlying mechanism for the development of these diseases.”

Unhealthy foods also lead to gaining weight as well so people that are obese are also highly inflammed.

Foods that decrease inflammation

Include plenty of these anti-inflammatory foods in your diet:

  • tomatoes
  • olive oil
  • green leafy vegetables, such as spinach, kale, and collards
  • nuts like almonds and walnuts
  • Salmon, mackerel, tuna, and sardines
  • fruits such as strawberries, blueberries, cherries, and oranges. Highly acidic fruits like pineapple and mango should be eaten sparingly.

Anti-inflammation foods

On the flip side are foods and beverages that have been found to reduce the risk of inflammation, and with it, chronic disease, says Dr. Hu. He notes in particular fruits and vegetables such as blueberries, apples, and leafy greens that are high in natural antioxidants and polyphenols, which play a huge role in the prevention of disease.

Studies have also associated nuts with reduced markers of inflammation and a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Coffee, which contains polyphenols and other anti-inflammatory compounds, may protect against inflammation, as well but make sure it is organic instead of sprayed with pesticides.

“A healthy diet is beneficial not only for reducing the risk of chronic diseases, but also for improving mood and overall quality of life,” Dr. Hu says.

I have to agree.  When I am eating my normal diet of salad, fruits, veggies and lean meats…my mood and energy levels are wonderful

References: Harvard Women’s Health Watch

5 Signs of Magnesium Deficiencies

Magnesium deficiency is not often talked about and people do not understand when they are lacking the electrolyte.  Magnesium is important for brain, cardia, and muscle function.  Here are 5 warning signs that you may not be aware of.

1. Ringing in the ears (Tinnitus): This is a high pitched sound or what is known as “ringing in the ears”.   Hearing loss may also occur.  There have been several studies showing how magnesium is correlated with the ear function.  For instance, the Mayo Clinic did a study and found that people with hearing loss can restore it within 3 months of taking sufficient levels of magnesium.

 

2. Muscle cramping or tremors:  Magnesium allows the muscle to relax.  If you don’t have enough, the muscle will continue to contract leading to cramping.  Pregnant women during label are often given a magnesium oxide drip to ease the contraction pain during labor.

3. Depression: Evidence shows that low magnesium levels are linked with depression.  A study performed in a Croatian psychiatric facility found that people with suicidal tendencies had low level of magnesium.  Taking magnesium instead of an antidepressant is great because there are no side effects.

 

4. Abnormal Heart Function: Since magnesium is great for muscle function, the cardiac muscle is no exception.  Low levels of magnesium can result in arrhythmia (irregular heart beat).  Arrhythmia can lead to heart attack or stroke.

5. Kidney Stones: Many people believe that kidney stones are caused by an excess of calcium, but in fact it is a lack of magnesium. Magnesium prevents calcium oxalate formations which are what the stones are primarily made of.

If you have these symptoms, it may be a good idea to eat a diet with okra, sunflower or pumpkin seeds, almonds, soy or black beans, cashews and spinach.  These are foods high in magnesium.

How Healthy is Your Gut?

Scientists that were experimenting with fruit flies in order to try and understand how some people remain in good health well into old age are finding out that it might have something to do with the gut.

There have been other recent studies have also started linking diseases like diabetes and Parkinson’s to changes in a person’s gut bacteria. The cause of gut problems are vast and hard to find a cause to how this can happen. With age the number of bacterial cells increase and bacteria does change inside the gut.

Researchers used fruit flies because they have a very short life span. Normally they live for a period of about eight weeks and they are good to study because of the diverse ages at which they die.

“One of the big questions in the biology of aging relates to the large variation in how we age and how long we live,” Walker said.  In addition, scientists have managed to identify all of a fruit fly’s genes and are able to turn them on and off individually. That capability adds a number of variables to experiments and research.

According to Agence France-Presse:

“Springboarding off previous research in which they observed that the flies develop leaky guts within days before dying, they analyzed the gut bacteria  — collectively referred to as the microbiota — of more than 10,000 female flies.”

What they did was isolate distinct groups of flies.  Then they gave antibiotics to reduce the number of species found in the intestinal tract.  This resulted in improved digestive function as they aged.

“When we prevented the changes in the intestinal microbiota that were linked to the flies’ imminent death by feeding them antibiotics, we dramatically extended their lives and improved their health,” Walker told AFP.

Flies that were given antibiotics lived for an average of 20 days.  This is substantially longer than a normal flies lifespan.

Obviously Good Gut Health is important for a healthy body:

Working in conjunction with researchers from the Scripps Research Institute in Florida, a team took a large portion of flies that had no germs at all and whose guts were had no microbes. Those flies lived an average of 80 days or about 1.5 times longer than flies that had not been altered.

The study followed another in which researchers were able to map out how microbiota change over the course of a lifetime. The earlier study has been published in the peer-reviewed journal Cell Reports.

We all know that having a strong gut is the key for wellness.  In 2013, Natural News wrote an article which stated that researchers at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta were surprised to discover that healthy gut bacteria helped to regrow damaged intestinal tissues: Here is what they found:

Lactobacillus bacteria was observed to stimulate the production and cellular proliferation of NADPH oxidase 1 which serve as signaling messengers for the various systems of the body that regulate normal and healthy bodily physiology. Without these important messengers, the digestive system in particular will not work well and in a sense kind of go crazy.  This will result in metabolic and infectious disorders, allergies and gut conditions like inflammatory bowel disease.

Gut problems are increasing in our community because of unhealthy eating, pesticides in our food and processed or boxed foods.  Our guts try hard to stay healthy but long abuse of foods and internal toxins make their job difficult.  Please be good to your body and give it what it needs….fruits, vegetables and healthy fats.  It will fuel your body well!

20 Herbs That Can Help With Cancer

As I am getting older, I am hearing about a lot of diseases that my friends and family have and cancer is mentioned a lot.  So, in doing some research I have found the following information that may help. Here are some herbs that can help boost immunity, help with chemotherapy and just make your treatment work that much better.

1. Astragalus (Huang Qi): This is an Eastern Medicine Herb that boosts the immune system.  It stimulates interferon that is produced in the body.  It also helps the immune system identify defective cells.  The Anderson Cancer Centre conducted a research study that showed taking Astragalus during Radiotherapy doubled survival times.

2. Berberis Family (Podophyllum peltanum): Research has shown that it can be strong against Ovarian Cancer.

3. Bloodroot (Sanguinaria Canadensis): This has been shown to be effective against tumors (shrinking them).  Shown to be very effective with Sarcomas

4. Butchers Broom (Ruscus Aculeatus):  Tumor shrinking abilities and anti-oestrogenic (female hormone) abilities.  This is used for the treatment of breast cancer.

5. Cat’s Claw (Uncaria Tormentosa): A powerful immuno-stimulant.  It enhances phagocytosis which is when the white cell try and get rid of infections in the body.  Great when used with Astragalus, cur cumin and echinacea.  Research has shown that it can decrease tumor size, especially skin cancers.  It can also be helpful with side effects of chemo and radiotherapy.

6. Chaparral (Larrea mexicans): Boosts the immune system and can stop metastasis and reduce tumor size especially with breast cancer.   It is also an anti-oxidant and anti-microbial.

7. Curcumin (Turmeric): Has anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory effects. Polyps and colon cancer can be shrunk and the blood supply which helps tumors grow can be decreased greatly with this herb.

8. Dang Shen Root (Codonopsis pilosula): This herb increases both white blood cell and red blood cell levels so it can be helpful with chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

9. Echinacea: Enhances the immune System and is great for fighting off colds.  It has also been shown to help with brain tumors.

10. Feverfew:  More effective than the drug cytarabine in killing leukaemia cells.

11. Goldenseal: One cause of stomach cancer can be the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. This burrows into the mucous lining of the stomach to hide from gastric acids, and then causes irritation, acid reflux, ulcers and even cancer. Goldenseal paired with the mineral Bismuth, will kill Helicobacter pylori.

12. Milk Thistle: Known to be helpful to cleanse the liver but it is also helpful for protecting the liver during chemotherapy.

13. Pau D’ Arco: This is tree bark and an anti-cancer herb.  Strong anti-bacterial, anti-yeast and anti-microbal.  Immune strengthening abilities and seem to help in cases of blood and lymph cancers.

14. Red Clover: Helpful during Breast and prostate cancer treatment.  Active ingredient is Genistein which was called “the anti-Oestrogen” herb by Professor Powles of the Royal Marsden.

15. Sheep’s Sorrell: Used in Essiac (tea and supplement available in Canada) and other herbal remedies.  It is a cleanser and helps with tissue regeneration.  Some research has showed that it may normalize damage cells and tissue.  It can also be used for intestinal worms since it has been shown that they have no resistance to this herb.

16. Skull Cap (Scutellaria Barbata): Acts against many cancer types and especially lung, stomach and intestine cancer.

17.  Sutherlandia (Cancer Bush): This herb is anti-inflammatory, anti-viral and anti-fungal.  It does give a boost to the immune system and helps prevent necrosis or wasting of patients with cancer.

18. Thorowax/hares ear (bulpleurum scorzoneaefolium): Acts as a natural interferon and has been shown very useful with bone cancer.

19. Wheatgrass: On shot of wheatgrass can give 12 or more broccoli kilograms of chlorophyll.  It is a blood purifier and a liver and kidney cleanse.  After 2 weeks of daily use, blood and tissue oxygen increases as well as circulation.

20. Wormwood: Anti-malaria and anti-microbial/anti-yeast and is great with an anti-candida diet. Note: These are herbs and do have side effects and do sometimes conflict with pharmaceuticals.  Even so, the use herbs as a part of your integrative cancer-fighting program can be extremely helpful. They just might make a serious difference to your health. But please make sure you go to an expert medical herbalist for clear and informed advice.

Picky Eaters Have Anxiety Issues Later in Life

Children who are picky eaters may have bigger problems than a lack of a well-balanced diet. A new study finds that kids who make a habit of saying “no” to certain foods are more likely to have symptoms of depression, anxiety and other psychiatric disorders later in life.

To be considered a picky eater, children kids had to dislike more than just broccoli and common other foods that most kids don’t like.  If they limited themselves to eating only preferred foods, then they were considered a moderate case.   If their diet that it was hard for them to eat with other kids, they were labeled as “severe.”

In a study by Duke University, the eating habits were analyzed for about 1,100 preschoolers ages 2-5.  Researchers visited the homes and interviewed parents and caregivers about their behaviors and food preferences.  Also, the researchers checked back with a subgroup of 200 kids each year.

What they found was that picky eaters are more common than we thought. 18% of this group were moderate eaters and 3% were severe cases.

Medical Doctors in the past have said that kids will grow out of this picky eating phase but Duke researchers believe this is not the right way to deal with selective eaters.These numbers followed a previous study that found 14% to 20% of preschoolers were selective about the foods they ate at least some of the time.

“The fact that a behavior is relatively common does not mean that it is harmless,” they wrote in an article published in the journal of Pediatrics.

Kids labeled as moderate did not show an increased risk of being diagnosed with a psychiatric condition. However, if they were measured against less picky eaters, they have shown to have more symptoms of depression, anxiety and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.  Picky eating may a good indicator that a young child has psychiatric issues that need to be evaluated and dealt with.

In the study, children with severe cases of selective eating were about twice as likely as to be diagnosed with depression compared with kids who ate a normal range of foods. They were also 2.7 times more likely to be diagnosed with social anxiety, according to the study.

In a Swedish study, it was shown that obese students were less likely to finish high school.  Researchers found after following these kids over time, that picky eaters faced a higher risk of having anxiety problems later in life.  This discovery is “perhaps the most clinically significant finding” in the study, the authors wrote.

Anatomically, kids that were picky eaters or had a limited diet did not grow at the rates the other children that eat balanced and nutritional diet.  According to the study, without a varied diet, the calories ingested lack the nutrients that are necessary fro growth.

Our body needs nutrition for it to get energy, stamina, and function properly.  If your child is a picky eater, instead of giving them junk to make it easier, try cooking the foods differently or look into finding out why your child is so particular.  Tackling this early can prevent psychological issues later on in life.

Why is Sugar Bad For You?

Not all types of sugars are bad.  Here are different types of sugars and the affects they have on your system:

Glucose:

Glucose is a simple sugar that your body likes.  All of your cells use Glucose as their primary source of energy.  Glucose is necessary for your body to function.  After Glucose is ingested,  it sends signals to the pancreas to produce insulin. Signals are then sent to the brain and metabolizes the food just eaten.  When the brain notices the food intake, it lets the rest of your body know that you are not hungry.  So, glucose basically lets your brain know that you are finished eating and that you don’t need to eat anymore.

Glucose, though natural, can have some issues for the body as well.  Your liver will produce what are called very low density lipoprotein (VLDL).  This is considered a bad cholesterol.  VLDL can cause cardiovascular disease.  Only 1 out of 24 calories ingested and processed by the liver turn into VLDL.

Sucrose and High Fructose Corn Syrup:

These two are linked together here because high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) and sucrose are really the same thing.  They are both contain a large amount of fructose and are highly sweet.   Sucrose is 50% fructose and HFCS is 55% fructose. The other remaining percentages consist of glucose.

In most cases, fructose is bad for you because of how the body processes it. Fructose can only be metabolized by the liver, which means a greater number of calories (about three times more than glucose) are metabolized by the liver and higher amounts of VLDL.  It also creates a larger amount of uric acid which leads to hypertension and high blood pressure.

Fructose also has negative affects on the brain regarding what you have consumed.  This happens because it alters a protein called “Leptin.”  This protein is important for energy intake and expenditure and is key for monitoring your appetite and keeping your metabolism working the way it should.  When you eat fructose, your body resists Leptin and you feel hungry even when you are not.  So, foods like soda contain high amounts of fructose which then trick your brain into thinking you are not full and your body thinks you are still hungry.  There have been studies showing that people who have consumed Fructose actually eat more than people who do not.

Processed v. Unprocessed Foods:

Fruit contains fructose, but as shown on the food pyramid, it shows that fruit is okay. How is that possible?  Well, it is because fruit is all natural and has large amounts of fiber.  Fiber monitors your satiety levels even though fructose does not.   This is why fruit is beneficial. The same goes for processed sugar. Sugar doesn’t exist naturally as the sugar that you buy at the store, but as a really tough stick called sugar cane.  It isn’t until you process the sugar can that all the fiber is taken out of it.  Without the fiber, you only have the bad portion of the sugar.  That’s why processed sugars can cause problems.

Is Stevia A Healthy Sugar Substitute?

Stevia has become a popular substitute for sugar.  It is much sweeter and is a good substitute for sugar.  However, Stevia can be highly processed.  If you want to make stevia at home naturally, buy a stevia plant or purchase the pure dried leaves.  You can get this easily online.  Grind them up using a spice grinder, mortar and pestle to make your own powdered version.

Here are some directions to make your own Stevia extract
SteviaExtract

If you are not up for getting a stevia plant of your own or making your own extract, remember to look for a stevia extract that is 100% pure without added ingredients (Trader Joe’s has a version in a small bottle). 

References: https://www.100daysofrealfood.com/2013/04/25/stevia-food-babe-investigates/

Sugar Cravings? What can keep the cravings down?

How often have you experienced that afternoon slump?

It’s midway through the day, you’re tired and your “get up and go” seems like it’s all gone.

Why does this happen?  Well, when your blood sugar levels are naturally out of balance, energy feels like it’s draining away. Your blood sugar levels can drop naturally, often in the late afternoon, triggering sugar cravings.

For more than 2,000 years, Gymnema sylvestre has been used traditionally as a key herb to help maintain healthy blood sugar levels already within a healthy range.

In India, it’s called Gurmar, the “Sugar Destroyer”. That’s because, since ancient times, natural clinicians have noted that it suppresses the taste of sugar.

A really cool thing to do is the Gymnema Sweet Taste Test:

Try this simple test and be amazed – especially if you have a sweet tooth. Just place one Gymnema tablet on your tongue for 60 to 90 seconds. It might not taste great, but you’ll love what happens next. Swallow the tablet, wait a minute, then try something sweet – perhaps a few sugar crystals. Surprise – no sweet taste!  Your body will love it because:

  • Gymnema supports healthy pancreatic function and the normal production of insulin in the body.
  • By helping to maintain normal blood sugar levels within a normal range, it can help support weight management and balance energy levels.

I highly recommend MediHerb’s Gymnema because it contains one unique herb, Gymnema sylvestre leaf. It is standardized to compounds called saponins, specifically the gymnemic acids. Gymnema has been used for centuries in Ayurvedic medicine. Its reputation is also well supported by modern research. There have been 130 scientific studies published on Gymnema.

Who Needs Gymnema?

Everyone who wants to prevent the natural drop in blood sugar that sometimes occurs in the afternoon and to help maintain healthy blood sugar levels already within a healthy range. Gymnema can also be a beneficial addition to a weight loss plan, when combined together

with a calorie-controlled diet and exercise. Additionally, Gymnema may help to maintain healthy cholesterol and triglyceride levels within a normal range.

Compelling Benefits:

1. Maintain healthy blood sugar levels already within a normal range when combined with a balanced diet.

2. Maintain normal cholesterol levels already within a normal range.

Eating sugar has a lot of ill effects on the body.  Cutting back on sugar will make you feel more energetic and prevent heart issues, diabetes and tons of other physical ailments.

Hope this helps anyone who was trying to find an alternative to just cutting out sugar “cold turkey”.

Can A Good Night Sleep May Help You Keep Weight Off!

Everyone knows getting good nights sleep is necessary for healing and staying healthy.  Now, researchers have shown that the best path to a healthy weight may be a good night’s sleep.

For years researchers have known that adults who sleep less than five or six hours a night are at higher risk of being overweight.  Among children, sleeping less than 10 hours a night is associated with weight gain.

Now a fascinating new study suggests that the link may be even more insidious than previously thought. Losing just a few hours of sleep a few nights in a row can lead to almost immediate weight gain.

Sleep researchers from the University of Colorado recruited 16 healthy men and women for a two-week experiment tracking sleep, metabolism and eating habits. Nothing was left to chance: the subjects stayed in a special room that allowed researchers to track their metabolism by measuring the amount of oxygen they used and carbon dioxide they produced. Every bite of food was recorded, and strict sleep schedules were imposed.

The goal was to determine how inadequate sleep over just one week — similar to what might occur when students cram for exams or when office workers stay up late to meet a looming deadline — affects a person’s weight, behavior and physiology.

During the first week of the study, half the people were allowed to sleep nine hours a night while the other half stayed up until about midnight and then could sleep up to five hours. Everyone was given unlimited access to food. In the second week, the nine-hour sleepers were then restricted to five hours of sleep a night, while the sleep-deprived participants were allowed an extra four hours.

Notably, the researchers found that staying up late and getting just five hours of sleep increased a person’s metabolism. Sleep-deprived participants actually burned an extra 111 calories per day, according to the findings published last week in The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

But even though we burn more calories when we stay awake, losing sleep is not a good way to lose weight. The light sleepers ended up eating far more than those who got nine hours of sleep, and by the end of the first week the sleep-deprived subjects had gained an average of about two pounds.

During the second week, members of the group that had originally slept nine hours also gained weight when they were restricted to just five hours. And the other group began to lose some (but not all) of the weight gained in that first sleep-deprived week.

Kenneth Wright director of the university’s sleep and chronobiology laboratory, said part of the change was behavioral. Staying up late and skimping on sleep led to not only more eating, but a shift in the type of foods a person consumed.

“We found that when people weren’t getting enough sleep they overate carbohydrates,” he said. “They ate more food, and when they ate food also changed. They ate a smaller breakfast and they ate a lot more after dinner.”

In fact, sleep-deprived eaters ended up eating more calories during after-dinner snacking than in any other meal during the day. Over all, people consumed 6 percent more calories when they got too little sleep. Once they started sleeping more, they began eating more healthfully, consuming fewer carbohydrates and fats. Dr. Wright noted that the effect of sleep deprivation on weight would likely be similar in the real world although it might not be as pronounced as in the controlled environment. The researchers found that insufficient sleep changed the timing of a person’s internal clock, and that in turn appeared to influence the changes in eating habits. “They were awake three hours before their internal nighttime had ended,” Dr. Wright said. “Being awakened during their biological night is probably why they ate smaller breakfasts.”

The effect was similar to the jet lag that occurs when a person travels from California to New York.

Last fall, The Annals of Internal Medicine reported on a study by University of Chicago researchers, who found that lack of sleep alters the biology of fat cells.   In the small study — just seven healthy volunteers — the researchers tracked the changes that occurred when subjects moved from 8.5 hours of sleep to just 4.5 hours. After four nights of less sleep, their fat cells were less sensitive to insulin, a metabolic change associated with both diabetes and obesity.

“Metabolically, lack of sleep aged fat cells about 20 years,” said Matthew Brady, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Chicago and the senior author on the study.

“These subjects were in their low 20s but it’s as if they were now middle-aged in terms of their response. We were surprised how profound the effects were.”

Both Drs. Wright and Brady noted that because their studies lasted only days, it was not clear how long-term sleep deprivation affects weight, and whether the body adjusts to less sleep.

Dr. Brady said that while better sleep would not solve the obesity problem, paying more attention to sleep habits could help individuals better manage their weight.

In the future he hopes to study whether a focus on better sleep could improve the health of people in middle age who are overweight or prediabetic.

“Telling someone they need to sleep more as a way to improve their metabolic health, we think would be more palatable,” said Dr. Brady. “We think sleep is very underappreciated.”

References: https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/03/18/lost-sleep-can-lead-to-weight-gain/?ref=nutrition

Waist Size Helps Predict Heart Risk In Teenagers

A new study uses waist measurements and body mass index to help predict health risks in teenagers.

Using waist measurements together with body mass index may better predict a teenager’s cardiovascular risk than using B.M.I. alone, a new study finds.

Pediatricians and medical groups routinely use B.M.I. as a measure of unhealthy weight in children.  This index, calculates by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms by the square foot of their height in meters.   It cannot differentiate between fatty and lean tissue. So if you are muscular and use just B.M.I, these measurements would classify you as obese even though you are not.

Some researchers have suggested using either a waist circumference or waist to height ratio to measure health.  A study in Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine disputes using either measure alone was not enough.

Dr. Brian W. McCrindle (and colleagues) performed a study at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto.  They gathered detailed data on more than 4,000 14- and 15-year-olds. All kids selected had a B.M.I. in the 85th to 95th percentile for their age.  The 85th percentile classified them as overweight.   The 95th percentile classified them as obese.

They took measurements of the waist to height ratios, measured their cholesterol levels (good and bad).   Teenagers whose B.M.I. had put them in the obese category showed a trend toward higher blood pressure with higher waist-to-height ratios.

Waist size should be half of height or less, the researchers found. Above that ratio, they began seeing associations with cardiovascular risk factors.  This is in high school kids.

“While B.M.I. is a useful number,” Dr. McCrindle said, “using it together with waist circumference might give you a better indicator of what someone’s risk is for complications associated with obesity.”

References: Taken from article written by ANAHAD O’CONNOR, Reporter